Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world; every year almost 68,000 cases come in light in India. It occurs more in males in the comparison to females. Bladder cancer begins in urothelial cells, it is a line inside our bladder- it is a hollow, muscular organ in the abdomen which stores urine. Generally, bladder cancer happens in the bladder, but this cancer may take place in other parts of a urinary tract drainage system.
There are three types of Bladder Cancer
Treatment options decides on the basis of grading or staging of bladder cancer as
At Pushya Hospital, we understand Bladder Cancer well and provide following treatment options for Bladder Cancer
TURBT (Transurethral resection of bladder mass) is sufficient for superficial low-grade bladder cancer, Patient should keep up his follow up, ultrasound and cystoscopy.
At this grade, TURBT and intravesical BCG are recommended.
Radical cystectomy with orthopedic neobladder or ileal conduit with chemotherapy is recommended.
Superficial low-grade bladder has a good prognosis, it has 50% chances of recurrence in five years but chances of progression or invading into bladder muscle are very less.
High grade, superficial bladder have high chances of progression if the tumor is multiple, large in size, the presence of carcinoma in situ, recur after BCG therapy. Recurrence of cancer could at the rate 50-70% in 5 years respectively.
After radical cystectomy survival depends on the stage of bladder cancer, in early-stage tumor survival is 70-80% and at an advanced stage, it is considered 15-30%.