Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection because of microbes, which cannot be seen without a microscope. Most of the cases of UTIs occur because of bacteria, some because of fungus and in rare cases by viruses. A human urinary tract is made of kidney, ureters, bladder, and urethra, this infection can happen anywhere in the urinary tract,
Symptoms of UTI depend on that which part of urinary tract has been affected, however, some symptoms are the following
Symptoms may include chills, fever, nausea, and vomiting in case of upper tract UTI, this infection affect the kidneys, if bacteria move from infected kidneys into blood, it can cause dangerously low blood pressure, shock, and death.
If you are facing a repetition of UTI, then abnormalities or obstruction should be checked, here are some examinations
In the case of upper tract UTI, complete blood count (CBC) and blood cultures and urine test. Blood culture test makes confirm that infection has not spread to the bloodstream.
Treatment of UTIs depends on the cause, it has to be decided before treatment that which type of infection patient has. In most of the cases, bacteria are the cause;in this case antibiotics are prescribed by urologists. In other cases, viruses or fungi are the cause then respectively antiviral medicines and antifungal medicines are given to patients.